Compliance Management Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing compliance strategy and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

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  • S

    speculative risk

    Speculative risk is a category of risk that can be taken on voluntarily and will either result in a profit or loss. 

  • systemic risk

    Systemic risk is a category of risk that describes threats to a system, market or economic segment.

  • T

    total risk

    Total risk is an assessment that identifies all of the risk factors, including potential internal and external threats and liabilities, associated with pursuing a specific plan or project or buying or selling an investment.

  • U

    U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

    The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a federal agency designed to protect the United States against threats.

  • unknowable risk

    An unknowable risk is a potential threat to an organization's processes that is not known and cannot be quantified or controlled.

  • V

    VAL IT (value from IT investments)

    VAL IT (value from IT investments) is a framework that outlines governance best practices for information technology-enabled business investments.

  • Video Privacy Protection Act of 1988

    The Video Privacy Protection Act of 1988 is United States legislation that prevents wrongful disclosure of an individual's personally identifiable information stemming from their rental or purchase of audiovisual material, including videotapes, DVDs and video games.

  • Volcker rule

    The Volcker rule is a section of the Dodd–Frank Act that restricts U.S. banks from making speculative, high-risk investments that do not benefit customers.

  • W

    whistleblower

    A whistleblower is a person who voluntarily provides information to the general public, or someone in a position of authority, about dishonest or illegal business activities occurring at an organization.

  • Whistleblower Protection Act

    The Whistleblower Protection Act of 1989 is a law that protects federal government employees in the United States from retaliatory action for voluntarily disclosing information about dishonest or illegal activities occurring in a government organization.

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