Compliance Management Definitions

  • E

    electronically stored information (ESI)

    Electronically stored information (ESI) is data created, altered, communicated and stored in digital form.

  • enterprise document management (EDM)

    Enterprise document management is a strategy for overseeing an organization's paper and electronic documents so they can be easily retrieved in the event of a compliance audit or subpoena.

  • enterprise security governance

    Enterprise security governance is a company's strategy to reduce risk by protecting systems and information, as well as its execution of that strategy.

  • Event log management software (ELMS)

    Event log management software (ELMS) is an application used to monitor change management and prepare for compliance audits at enterprises.

  • event log manager (ELM)

    An event log manager (ELM) is an application that tracks changes in an organization's IT infrastructure.

  • F

    Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA)

    The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) is United States federal legislation that promotes accuracy, fairness and privacy for data used by consumer reporting agencies.

  • FASAB (Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board)

    The Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board (FASAB) is an advisory committee that develops accounting standards for U.S. government agencies.

  • Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA)

    The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) is an independent regulator securities firms doing business in the United States. Securities are financial instruments, such as stocks or bonds, that can be traded freely on the open market. 

  • FPCA (Foreign Corrupt Practices Act)

    The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) is a federal U.S. law aimed at preventing the bribery of foreign government officials in an effort to obtain or retain business.

  • FTC (Federal Trade Commission)

    The FTC (Federal Trade Commission) is a United States federal regulatory agency designed to monitor and prevent anticompetitive, deceptive or unfair business practices.

  • G

    Generally Accepted Recordkeeping Principles (the Principles)

    Generally Accepted Recordkeeping Principles is a framework for managing records in a way that supports an organization's immediate and future regulatory, legal, risk mitigation, environmental and operational requirements.

  • geolocation data

    Geolocation data is information associated with an electronic device that can be used to identify its physical location. The most common example of geolocation data is an IP address.

  • Government Accountability Office (GAO)

    The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) is an independent, nonpartisan agency that works for Congress to investigate how the federal government spends taxpayer dollars.

  • H

    HIPAA covered entity

    A HIPAA covered entity is any organization or corporation that directly handles Personal Health Information (PHI) or Personal Health Records (PHR).

  • I

    information assurance

    Information assurance (IA) is the practice of protecting against and managing risk related to the use, storage and transmission of data and information systems.

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