Regulatory compliance is an organization's adherence to laws, regulations, guidelines and specifications relevant to its business. Violations of regulatory compliance regulations often result in legal punishment, including federal fines.
Examples of regulatory compliance laws and regulations include the Dodd-Frank Act, Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) , Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), the Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA) and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX).
As the number of rules has increased since the turn of the century, regulatory compliance has become more prominent in a variety of organizations. The trend has even led to the creation of corporate, chief and regulatory compliance officer positions to hire employees whose sole focus is to make sure the organization conforms to stringent, complex legal mandates.