information governance definition

This definition is part of our Essential Guide: Enterprise records management strategy guide for GRC professionals

Information governance is a holistic approach to managing corporate information by implementing processes, roles, controls and metrics that treat information as a valuable business asset.

The goal of a holistic approach to information governance is to make information assets available to those who need it, while streamlining management, reducing storage costs and ensuring compliance.  This, in turn, allows the company to reduce the legal risks associated with unmanaged or inconsistently managed information and be more agile in response to a changing marketplace.

An important goal of information governance is to provide employees with data they can trust and easily access while making business decisions. In many organizations, responsibilities for data governance tasks are split among security, storage and database teams. Often, the need for a holistic approach to managing information does not become evident until a major event occurs such as a lawsuit, compliance audit or corporate merger.

Organizations with an effective information governance plan know the who, what, when, where, why and how of their information:

  • What is this information?
  • When was this information created or processed?
  • Where is the information stored?
  • Who has access to this information?
  • Why is this information being retained?
  • How is this information being stored/protected?

See also: GARP, e-discovery, enterprise content management, enterprise search, enterprise document management, enterprise data management




This was first published in November 2013

Next Steps

Should you invest in HP's enterprise content management tools?



Find more PRO+ content and other member only offers, here.



Forgot Password?

No problem! Submit your e-mail address below. We'll send you an email containing your password.

Your password has been sent to:


File Extensions and File Formats

Powered by: