A cyborg anthropologist is an individual who studies the interaction between humans and technology, observing how technology can shape humans' lives. Cyborg anthropology as a discipline originated at the 1993 annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association.
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Originally, a cyborg referred to a human being with bodily functions aided or controlled by technological devices, such as an oxygen tank, artificial heart valve or insulin pump. Over the years, the term has acquired a more general meaning, describing the dependence of human beings on technology. Cyborg anthropologists argue most humans are now considered cyborgs, as smartphones, smartwatches and other mobile technologies can all be considered external extensions of individuals that allow them to perform tasks and abilities that can change the way they live.
Cyborg anthropologist Amber Case explains the concept of cyborg anthropology and the future of the computer interface.